The origin of the game Poker is still debatable and questionable. The name Poker, according to most researchers, is derived from a French word Poque, which in turn originates from the German word Pochen, which mean to knock. It is however unsure whether Poker is actually related to the card games where players must knock the table to mark certain situations. Poker bears a keener resemblance to an old Persian game called As Nas. Some researchers therefore suggest that As Nas was taught to French immigrants in New Orleans by Persian seafarers, and later developed into Poker in America. Poker also resembles a Renaissance game called Primero and a French game known as Brelan. In England, Brelan eventually developed into a game named Brag or Bragg, a card game where the possibility of bluffing is an important part of the game, just as in Poker.

One of the earlier mentions of Poker is from 1829, after an English actor dubbed as Joseph Crowell encountered a type of card game in New Orleans where a deck of 20 cards were used by four players. The players prepared bets and attempted to guess which player had the best hand. Jonathan H. Green published a book named "An Exposure of the Arts and Miseries of Gambling" whereas he explained how this game distributed from New Orleans via the riverboats onto Mississippi. As the game spread, the rules were changed and a full deck containing 52 cards began to be used. One of the major rule changes was the introduction of the so called flush.

A lot of the many modern poker versions were invented during the American Civil War, involving Draw Poker, Texas Holdem and five card Stud Poker. The straight was also introduced during this era. Around 1875 the consumption of desolated cards was added. Lowball grew round the equivalent moment, and the split-pot poker was invented round the curve of the century. The former poker toys embroiling settlement cards emerged round 1925. Some researches allegation the U.S. combat are responsible for transmitting the game towards Asia during wars, whereas it is today very popular and a natural portion of the traditional Asian games.

Poker is a noticeable part of the American history and the poker jargon has even made it into benchmark American English. Most of us use poker jargon in our every day language even if we never have played a single game of poker in our entire life. Have you ever called someone's bluff? Had an ace up your sleeve? Described an unknown or unpredictable factor as a "wildcard"? Beats me, ace in the hole, blue chip, cash in, stack up, pass the buck, high roller, poker face and when the chips are down, are other examples of poker expressions that have made it into normal language.

During the 1970's, the first World Series of Poker were played which popularized Poker tournaments at the American casinos. This is also the time when the first serious Poker books were published. Three of the most famous ones are "The Theory of Poker" written by David Sklansky, "The Book of Tells" by Mike Caro and "Super System" by Doyle Brunson.

Today, poker is played all over the world. Poker has grown increasingly popular during the latest decade, chiefly due to the invention of online poker and the hole-card camera that made the Poker tournaments much more interesting to watch for non-players. Poker is today considered a spectator sport and several TV-shows are devoted to the game. The World Series of Poker and the World Poker Tour are two major Poker tournaments that are broadcasted via cable and satellite.



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